Organisers: Autonomous non-profit organisation "Center for Strategic Assessments and Forecasts" with the support of the Public Diplomacy Promotion Foundation. AM Gorchakova, www.csef.ru
During the meetings of the Council, VIP representatives traditionally in attendance are: United Nations representatives from the International Maritime Organization - IMO (London), the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of Russia, the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Scientific Expert Council of the State Commission for Arctic Development, the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia, the Marine Service "Rosmorrechflot" of Russia, the Eastern Arctic Research Center, the Scientific and Educational Center for Marine International Studies of the Maritime State University. Admiral GI. Nevelskoy, the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, the Northern (Arctic) Federal University. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk), the Independent Research Center "World Stability Observatory" (Spain), the Institute of Eurasian Studies (Italy), the Rosneft Company and the Union of Transport Workers of Russia.
The subject of the meeting is one of the most current trends in the development of Polar shipping.
According to the TASS , "... the Security Council of the Russian Federation has prepared measures to promote the safety of navigation in the Arctic, made recommendations aimed at developing a comprehensive Arctic shipping security system, ensuring the efficiency of the northern delivery system, increasing the energy security of life support facilities in the Arctic zone Russia, to ensure environmental security in the region, " the report said.
The Arctic region has historically played an important role in ensuring Russia's national security on its northern borders. "Russia accounts for almost a third of the territory of the Arctic, and we must ensure the sustainable development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation." First of all, to create a modern transport, energy, information infrastructure, to solve issues of resource development, quality of life of the peoples of the North. It is necessary to preserve this region as a territory of peace, dialogue and international cooperation."
The interdepartmental commission noted that the overall situation in the Arctic remains stable and predictable. Russia's multilateral cooperation with the Arctic states is actively developing.
"At the same time, additional measures are considered to improve the efficiency of public administration, coordinate the activities of all stakeholders of Russia's state policy in the Arctic, eliminate problems that impede the implementation of the Strategy for the Development of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation and ensure national security for the period to 2020," - the Security Council said.
The IMO Subcommittee on Navigation, Communications, Search and Rescue (NCSR) at its 5th session (February 19-23, 2018) approved the Russian-American proposal to establish recommended ways of vessel traffic in the Bering Sea and the Bering Strait following a joint Russian and USA experts in the field of navigation.
In the coming years, the number of ships passing through the Bering Strait to the Arctic ports of Russia, as well as through the Northern Sea Route, is expected to increase significantly, due to the increase in overall economic activity in the Russian Arctic, the development of a number of large infrastructure projects related to exports natural resources of the Arctic region, such as the first stage of an LNG terminal in the port of Sabetta.
"...The United States also plans to build production and export liquefied natural gas, in particular with one of the fields on the north coast of Alaska.
The recipients of both Russian and American LNG will be, among others, the APR states, which implies a significant increase in traffic through the Bering Strait, including large-tonnage gas carriers.
The scheme proposed by Russia and the USA presupposes the establishment of six recommended two-way routes 4 miles wide in the Bering Strait and approaches to it from the Russian and American sides, as well as six areas of increased caution in navigation at the intersection or reversal of tracks.
In the Bering Strait, the routes are laid parallel through the Russian and American parts, which will allow navigators to choose the most convenient way of passing the strait, taking into account weather and ice conditions. The roads are located at the maximum distance from the coast, and the depths along the entire length of the tracks are more than sufficient for the passage of large-capacity vessels. It is assumed that the ways will be recommended for ships with a gross tonnage of more than 400.
It can be reasonably believed that the introduction of the proposed scheme of traffic in the Bering Strait and approaches to it will reduce the risk of collisions of ships, environmental pollution, create more convenient conditions for monitoring the movement of vessels in the area, which is particularly important with a significant increase in traffic, and will also allow more effective concentration of emergency and rescue resources of Russia and the United States in the region, " the Sea News of Russia informs.